The ongoing pandemic, Covid-19, has made everyone keen on selecting face masks and face shields. It offers several benefits and acts as a barrier to stopping the spread of the virus. It provides efficiency to improve how we deal with the pandemic.
The market has various types of face masks available. We consider medical professionals essential to say the entire world is behind masks. From reusable to disposable, face masks are available in a large variety.
Cloth Masks are made from various fabrics, and many types of materials masks are offered.
Wear cloth masks when
- It has a proper fit over your nose and mouth to stop leaks
- Numerous layers of tightly woven, breathable textile
- Nose wire
- Fabric that intercepts light when held up to the bright light source
Do NOT wear cloth masks when
- It has openings on the sides of the face or nose
- Exhalation valves, ducts, or other outlets (see example)
- Single-layer fabric or those made of thin material that doesn’t block light
Disposable face masks are widely general. They are occasionally referred to as surgical masks or medical procedure masks.
Wear disposable masks when
- It has a sound fit over your nose and mouth to prevent leaks
- Considerable layers of non-woven textile
- Nose wire
Do NOT wear disposable masks when
- Crevices around the flanks of the face or nose (see example)
- Wet or dirty fabric
Ways to have a better fit and extra defence with cloth and disposable masks
- Wear double masks (disposable face mask underneath AND cloth mask over it)
- Fuse either a cloth mask or disposable mask with a fitter or prop
- Knot and tuck ear coils of the 3-ply cover where they join the advantage of the mask
NIOSH-Approved N95 Respirators
NIOSH approves numerous types of screening facepiece respirators. The most widely available is N95, but other types (N99, N100, P95, P99, P100, R95, R99, and R100) offer the identical or better shield as an N95.
When supplies are available, individuals may choose to use an essential disposable N95 respirator for personal benefit rather than a mask in some situations.
CDC recommends that specially labelled “surgical” N95 respirators be prioritised for healthcare personnel.
What to know about N95s
- Filter up to 95% of particles in the air when approved by NIOSH, and execute a proper fit.
- Seal tightly to the face when appropriately fitted.
- Since N95 respirators form a seal to the front, they may feel harder to breathe through than a cloth mask.
- N95 respirators cannot be cleansed. They need to be discarded when dirty, damaged, or challenging to live through.
- N95 respirators tend to be more expensive than masks
Wear an N95 when
- It has a cup, flat fold, or duckbill shape
- Two sashes that go around the head
- Formable wire nose bridge
Do NOT wear an N95 when
- You have specific types of facial hair
- It is a bogus (fake) N95 respirator
- It is challenging to breathe
- It’s wet or dirty
- With a mask or second respirator
To conclude, according to your requirements and convenience, you can select a mask and use it according to the guidelines specified. Children below two years of age need not wear any masks; however, you need to ensure that they are not exposed to the threat. Finally, each of the masks listed above will be helpful if you apply them correctly.